Process Documents

Many Flambeau Mine documents are posted below for ease in access. As scans of additional Flambeau Mine documents (historic and current) become available in 2015 and beyond, they will be posted to my SUPPLEMENTAL website, Flambeau Mine Exposed-II.

Here, then, are available scans as of December 2014:

The University of Wisconsin (UW) Digital Collection, accessible on-line, includes many of the Flambeau Mine process documents. All you have to do is go to:

http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/EcoNatRes/EcoNatRes-idx?type=browse&scope=EcoNatRes.Kennecott  (Website Static Image, Nov 2014)

Important Disclaimer:  The 1975 and 1976 Flambeau Mine documents in the UW Digital Collection do NOT pertain to the project that was permitted and executed in the 1990s. The 1975 proposal was voted down by the Rusk County Board in November 1976. Kennecott came back 12 years later (1987) with a revised proposal that was eventually permitted.  If you go to Chapter 52 of The Buzzards Have Landed, you will find a side-by-side comparison of the two proposals.

Documents in UW Digital Collection pertaining to the first (1975) Flambeau Mine proposal that was NOT executed:

Preliminary Environmental Report (1975) (See above disclaimer)

Environmental Impact Statement (1976) (See above disclaimer)

Draft Environmental Impact Statement (1976) (See above disclaimer)

Documents in UW Digital Collection pertaining to the second (1987) Flambeau Mine proposal that was permitted and executed in the 1990s:

Scope of study for the Kennecott Flambeau project (1987)

West, R. J. Flambeau Project Pit Slope Design (1988)

Air Pollution Control Permit Application for the Kennecott Flambeau Project (1989)

Section 5.0 Reclamation Plan from April 1989 Mining Permit Application for the Flambeau Project (1989)

Application for Water Regulatory Permits and Approvals for the Flambeau Project (1989)

Flambeau Project Final Engineering Report for Wastewater Treatment Facilities (1989)

WPDES Permit Application for the Flambeau Project (1989)

Groundwater Withdrawal Permit Application for the Flambeau Project (1989)

Chronic Toxicity Test Report (1989)

Draft Environmental Impact Statement (1989)

Environmental Impact Report for the Kennecott Flambeau Project V. I (Report Narrative) (1989)

Environmental Impact Report for the Kennecott Flambeau Project V. II (Report Narrative) (1989)

Environmental Impact Report for the Kennecott Flambeau Project V. III (Appendix 3.3-A to 3.5-N) (1989)

Environmental Impact Report for the Kennecott Flambeau Project V. IV (Appendix 3.5-O to 3.6-C) (1989)

Environmental Impact Report for the Kennecott Flambeau Project V. V (Appendix 3.6-D to 3.6-H) (1989)

Environmental Impact Report for the Kennecott Flambeau Project V. VI (Appendix 3.7-A to 4.3-A) (1989)

Groundwater Model for the Kennecott Flambeau Project at Ladysmith, Wisconsin: A Description and Summary of Results (1989)

Groundwater Model for the Kennecott Flambeau Project: Appendices A-L (1989)

Groundwater Model for the Kennecott Flambeau Project: Appendices M-R (1989)

Mining permit application for the Flambeau Project V.I – Report Narrative (1989)

Mining permit application for the Flambeau Project V.II – Appendices (1989)

Foth and Van Dyke Geosciences and Environmental Management Division [Foth and Van Dyke Geosciences and Environmental Management Division. Flambeau Mining Company blueprints, drawings and maps] (1989)

Foth and Van Dyke Geosciences and Environmental Management Division [Foth and Van Dyke Geosciences and Environmental Management Division. Flambeau Mining Company blueprints, drawings and maps] (1989)

Foth and Van Dyke Geosciences and Environmental Management Division [Foth and Van Dyke Geosciences and Environmental Management Division. Flambeau Mining Company blueprints, drawings and maps] (1990)

Final Environmental Impact Statement (1990)

In addition to the above reports available in the UW-Digital Collection, here are several more important documents:

Environmental Impact Report for the ORIGINAL (1970s) Kennecott Flambeau Project (proposed but not built) – This report apparently is in storage at the State of Wisconsin Records Center and could be retrieved through FOIA.

Excerpt from:  Mining Permit Application for the ORIGINAL (1970s) Kennecott Flambeau Project (submitted but not approved), September 1976  (The document, in its entirety, can be found at the Wendt Engineering Library at University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Flambeau Project Pit Slope Design, Call & Nicholas, Inc., June 1988

Local Agreement between Rusk County, the Town of Grant, the City of Ladysmith and Kennecott Explorations (Australia), Ltd. for Development of the Kennecott Flambeau Mine, August 1988

Conditional Land Use Permit Between Rusk County and Kennecott Explorations, August 1988

Environmental Impact Report for the Kennecott Flambeau Project, 1989

January 1991 Flambeau Mine Permit

May 1991 Surface Water Management Plan

July 1991 Updated Monitoring Plan

Procedure for Modifying Mining Permits and Associated Plans, WDNR internal memo, November 1992

Slurry Cutoff Wall System Preconstruction Report, Foth & Van Dyke, July 1992

Construction Documentation Report Slurry Cutoff Wall System, Foth & Van Dyke, March 1993

Proposed Modification to the Approved Mine Permit, August 1994 (regarding, among other things, groundwater quality standards for iron, manganese and TDS)

Fall 1996 Backfilling Plan for Stockpiled Type II Material, Flambeau Mining Company, October 1996 (Foth & Van Dyke)

1997 Backfilling Plan for Stockpiled Type II Material, Flambeau Mining Company, March 1997 (Foth & Van Dyke)

Flambeau Mine Backfill Plan Correspondence, May 1997

Map, Final Pit Wall Geology, Raymond Yost, May 29, 1997; Map appeared in the following report:  Addendum to Flambeau Mine Ground Water Model, Engineering Technologies Associates, Inc., April 30, 1998

Rock bolting at the Flambeau open-pit mine, Raymond Yost, Engineering and Mining Journal, Sep 1997; 198, 9; pp. 58-62.

Proposed Modification to the Approved Surface Reclamation Plan for the Flambeau Mine_December 1997

Addendum to Flambeau Mine Ground Water Model, Engineering Technologies Associates, Inc., April 30, 1998

WDNR Decision on Proposed Modification to the Approved Surface Reclamation Plan for the Flambeau Mine_July 1998

Final Soil Sampling Results and Remediation Plan for the Flambeau Mining Company Rail Spur West of STH 27, Ladysmith, Wisconsin, October 20, 2003

Flambeau Industrial Outlot Action Plan, November 22, 2005

Biofilter Management Plan, January 2007

Flambeau Mine Stipulation and Order_Contested Case Hearing over Issuance of a Certificate of Completion for Mine Reclamation, May 2007

Flambeau Mine Certificate of Completion Stipulation Monitoring Plan, December 2007 

Copper Park Lane Monitoring Results and Work Plan, October 2008

Copper Park Lane Work Plan Implementation Report, January 2009

Letter to WDNR regarding conceptual plan for infiltration basins, August 30, 2010

Copper Park Business and Recreation Area Work Plan_Infiltration Basins_May 2011

WDNR Approval of Chapter 30 Permit Related to Construction of Infiltration Basins, October 2011

Copper Park Maintenance and Monitoring Plan_Infiltration Basins_February 2013 (Corrected)

WDNR Approval of Copper Park Maintenance and Monitoring Plan_With Conditions_Infiltration Basins_March 2013

Evidence on the Flambeau Mine for: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Laura Gauger, March 10, 2014:  

Sources and Environmental Factors Controlling Manganese Distributions in Well Water of the North Carolina Piedmont, Elizabeth Gillispie, a thesis submitted to the Graduate Faculty of North Carolina State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, Soil Science, Raleigh, North Carolina, 2014;  Note:  This thesis may supply clues as to why manganese levels in groundwater at the Flambeau Mine site have gone high. SAPROLITE was used to cap off the backfilled mine pit.

Pre-filed Direct Testimony in 2007 Contested Case Hearing over Flambeau Mining Company’s Application for a Certificate of Completion for Mine ReclamationClick HERE.

Expert Reports Filed in 2009 Threatened Lawsuit Against Flambeau Mining Company (FMC) over Water Quality Issues:

Expert Reports Filed in 2012 Clean Water Act Lawsuit Against Flambeau Mining Company:

Expert Reports Filed with WDNR and United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regarding Classification of Stream C at the Flambeau Mine Site as “impaired” for Copper and Zinc Toxicity Linked to the Mining Operation:

FMC Annual Reports:

FMC Stipulation Monitoring Reports for Flambeau River, Streams A, B and C and soils (required per the terms of Stipulation and Order from 2007 contested case hearing) and Biofilter Monitoring Reports (required per the terms of 2007 Biofilter Management Plan):

Groundwater Data:

  • To access data from monitoring wells at the Flambeau Mine site, click here.

Flambeau River Data:

  • To access surface water, sediment, macroinvertebrate, crayfish and walleye data for the Flambeau River, click here.

Stream C Data:

  • To access general information and monitoring data for Stream C, click here.

Infiltration Basins:

  • To access general information and monitoring data for the three infiltration basins constructed between October 2011 and April 2012 at the Flambeau Mine site, click here. To read about how the basins malfunctioned, click here.

Flambeau-Related General Interest Publications and/or Presentations:

For additional Flambeau Mine documents (historic and current):